Use views and stored procedures instead of heavy queries.
It reduces network traffic, coz client will send to server only stored procedure or view name (in certain cases heavy-duty queries might degrade performance upto 70%) instead of large heavy-duty queries text. This also facilitates permission management as you can restrict user access to table columns .
Use constraints instead of triggers
Constraints r much more efficient than triggers and can boost performance. So use constraints instead of triggers, whenever possible.
Use table variables instead of temporary tables.
Table variables require less locking and logging resources than temporary tables, so table variables should be used whenever possible (available in SQL Server 2000 only).
Use UNION ALL statement instead of UNION, whenever possible.
The UNION ALL statement is much faster than UNION, because UNION ALL statement does not look for duplicate rows, and UNION statement does look for duplicate rows, whether or not they exist.
Try to avoid using the DISTINCT clause, whenever possible.
Because using the DISTINCT clause will result in some performance degradation, you should use this clause only when it is necessary.
Try to avoid using SQL Server cursors, whenever possible.
SQL Server cursors can result in some performance degradation in comparison with select statements. Try to use correlated sub-query or derived tables, if you need to perform row-by-row operations.
Try to avoid the HAVING clause, whenever possible.
The HAVING clause is used to restrict the result set returned by the GROUP BY clause. When you use GROUP BY with the HAVING clause, the GROUP BY clause divides the rows into sets of grouped rows and aggregates their values, and then the HAVING clause eliminates undesired aggregated groups. In many cases, you can write your select statement so, that it will contain only WHERE and GROUP BY clauses without HAVING clause. This can improve the performance of your query.
Use the WHERE clause.
Results in good performance benefits, because SQL Server will return to client only particular rows, not all rows from the table(s). This can reduce network traffic and boost the overall performance of the query.
Use the select statements with TOP keyword or the SET ROWCOUNT statement, if you need to return only the first n rows.
Can improve performance of your queries coz smaller result set will be returned. This can also reduce the traffic between the server and the clients.
Try to return only the particular columns from the table, not all table's columns.
Gives u good performance benefits, because SQL Server will return to client only particular columns, not all table's columns. This can reduce network traffic and boost the overall performance of the query.